Expert Reports

These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review.

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Showing results 1 - 5 of 30

A Strategic Vision for NSF Investments in Antarctic and Southern Ocean Research (2015)

Research in Antarctica and the Southern Ocean has yielded tremendous insights into the workings of our planet and the universe beyond. Much of this research is now becoming increasingly urgent as scientists seek to understand how the region may affect sea-level rise and other global-scale environmental changes. Informed by input from across the scientific community, this report offers a strategic vision to guide the U.S. Antarctic Program at th... More >>

Report in Brief

The Arctic in the Anthropocene: Emerging Research Questions (2014)

With rapid change unfolding throughout the Arctic, the need for actionable Arctic science has never been greater. A warming climate is reshaping Arctic ecosystems, bringing changes such as the loss of sea ice and glaciers, thawing of permafrost, and changing snow patterns. These shifts challenge Arctic citizens who must adapt to new environmental conditions, and have significant global implications. This report identifies emerging researc... More >>

Report in Brief

Responding to Oil Spills in the U.S. Arctic Marine Environment (2014)

The risk of a serious oil spill in the arctic is escalating due to potential increases in shipping traffic and oil and gas activities. To provide an effective response effort in challenging Arctic conditions--and minimize impacts on people and sensitive ecosystems--a full range of oil spill response technologies is needed. This report assesses the current state of science and engineering regarding oil spill response in Arctic waters an... More >>

Report in Brief

Seasonal-to-Decadal Predictions of Arctic Sea Ice: Challenges and Strategies (2012)

Watch presentations by the report's authoring committee from a webinar held on this report. View the recording > Note: requires downloading the WebEx plugin. Recent well documented reductions in the thickness and extent of Arctic sea ice cover, which can be linked to the warming climate, are affecting the global climate system and are also affecting the global economic system as marine access to the Arctic region and natural resource developmen... More >>

Report in Brief

Lessons and Legacies of the International Polar Year 2007-2008 (2012)

View the webinar recording with authoring committee co-chairs, Julie Brigham-Grette and Robert Bindschadler (1 hour 9 minutes). International Polar Year 2007-2008 (IPY) was an intense, coordinated field campaign of observations, research, and analysis. IPY engaged the public to communicate the relevance of polar research to the entire planet, strengthened connections with the Indigenous people of the Arctic, and established new observationa... More >>

Report in Brief