Expert Reports

These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review.

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Showing results 1 - 5 of 109

The Future of Atmospheric Chemistry Research: Remembering Yesterday, Understanding Today, Anticipating Tomorrow (2016)

The field of atmospheric chemistry came into its own as researchers worked to discover the causes of such problems as urban smog, acid rain, and the stratospheric ozone hole and identify actions that helped to solve each problem. Nonetheless, significant challenges remain as a growing global population intensifies energy use and industrial and agricultural activities. Climate change is one of the greatest environmental challenges facing societ... More >>

Report in Brief

Next Generation Earth System Prediction: Strategies for Subseasonal to Seasonal Forecasts (2016)

Extending weather and ocean forecasts to predict Earth system conditions weeks to months in advance will help decision makers plan ahead to save lives, protect property, and increase economic vitality -- but, currently, the accuracy, skill, and scope of such extended forecasts is limited. This report presents the vision that, in the next decade, subseasonal to seasonal forecasts (those made two weeks to 12 months in advance) will be as widel... More >>

Report in Brief

Attribution of Extreme Weather Events in the Context of Climate Change (2016)

A report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine concludes it is now possible to estimate the influence of climate change on some types of extreme events. The science of extreme event attribution has advanced rapidly in recent years, giving new insight to the ways that human-caused climate change can influence the magnitude or frequency of some extreme weather events. This report examines the current state of science o... More >>

Report in Brief

Review of the U.S. Global Change Research Program's Update to the Strategic Plan Document (2016)

This report reviews a draft update to the U.S. Global Change Research Program's 2012 Strategic Plan, finding that overall the Program is moving forward well and that the draft Update identifies a number of critical research questions and strategies to address needs for science-based information on global change. However, the report notes that the draft Update does not yet outline priorities for meeting urgent information needs, nor does i... More >>

A Review of the Landscape Conservation Cooperatives (2015)

This report reviews the Landscape Conservation Cooperatives Network, which was initiated by the Department of the Interior and aims to address the widely recognized national need for a landscape approach to conservation. The Network includes 22 regional cooperatives tasked to build partnerships that facilitate collaborations across jurisdictional boundaries, develop shared priorities and common science needs, and create conservation strategie... More >>

Report in Brief