Expert Reports

These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review.

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Showing results 1 - 5 of 870

A Community-Based Flood Insurance Option (2015)

Part of the conversation regarding National Flood Insurance Program reform is the prospect of a community-based flood insurance option--a single insurance policy for an entire community--which may be more effective and less expensive than administering separate policies for each property within a given community. This report identifies key issues and questions as "food for thought" for FEMA and Congress as they weigh both the possible benefit... More >>

Report in Brief

Review of the Draft Interagency Report on the Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States (2015)

Climate change is affecting the environment in ways that can have consequences for human health. Research on these impacts is active, with strong evidence to support some aspects and research still in progress for others. To synthesize and review research on this topic, the US Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) has initiated an interagency Assessment on the Impacts of Climate Change on Human Health in the United States. This report review... More >>

Application of Modern Toxicology Approaches for Predicting Acute Toxicity for Chemical Defense (2015)

The US Department of Defense (DOD) is faced with an overwhelming task in evaluating chemicals that could potentially pose a threat to its deployed personnel. There are over 84,000 registered chemicals, and testing them with traditional toxicity-testing methods is not feasible in terms of time or money. In recent years, there has been a concerted effort to develop new approaches to toxicity testing that incorporate advances in systems biology... More >>

Tying Flood Insurance to Flood Risk for Low-Lying Structures in the Floodplains (2015)

One-fifth of the National Flood Insurance Program's 5.5 million policies cover structures that existed before floodplain maps became available. These older structures receive subsidized rates that are lower than warranted by their risk of flooding. However, most are low lying (negatively elevated)--that is, the elevation of the lowest floor is lower than the NFIP benchmark for construction standards and floodplain management ordinances. Low-lyin... More >>

BioWatch PCR Assays: Building Confidence, Ensuring Reliability; Abbreviated Version (2015)

Biowatch is an air monitoring system deployed in jurisdictions around the country with the goal of detecting the presence of certain high risk pathogenic microorganisms as part of intelligence-gathering and biomonitoring activities that support public safety and health. This report examines standards for PCR assays appropriate for the BioWatch program, providing recommendations on general principles for a performance standard and validatio... More >>

Report in Brief