Weather Prediction: Expert Reports

The division produces 60-70 reports per year. These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review. The experts who volunteer their time participating on study committees are vetted to make sure that the committee has the range of expertise needed to address the task, that they have a balance of perspectives, and to identify and eliminate members with conflicts of interest. All reports undergo a rigorous, independent peer review to assure that the statement of task has been addressed, that conclusions are adequately supported, and that all important issues raised by the reviewers are addressed. Thus, while the reports represent views of the committee, they also are endorsed by the Academy.

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Showing results 1 - 5 of 13

Weather Services for the Nation: Becoming Second to None (2012)

During the 1980s and 1990s, the National Weather Service undertook a major, comprehensive modernization effort that succeeded in achieving major improvements for the weather, water, and climate enterprise. Despite this success, accelerating improvements in technology and the science of meteorology and hydrology imply that continuing modernization of the National Weather Service (NWS) is required. This report uses lessons learned from the 1990'... More >>

Report in Brief

Urban Meteorology: Forecasting, Monitoring, and Meeting Users' Needs (2012)

Although all weather is driven by large scale weather patterns, the characteristics of urban settings—such as buildings of varying heights and large areas of paved streets and parking lots—can generate a unique urban weather environment. Given that three out of five people worldwide are expected to live in an urban environment by 2030, accurately forecasting urban weather is becoming increasingly important to protect these densely-populated area... More >>

Report in Brief

The National Weather Service Modernization and Associated Restructuring: A Retrospective Assessment (2011)

Report in Brief >> During the 20th century, the National Weather Service was unable to keep up with the pace of technological advances and as a result was nearly obsolete by the 1980s. Between 1989 and 2000, the nation invested an estimated $4.5 billion to modernize and restructure the National Weather Service. Efforts to modernize the National Weather Service succeeded in achieving major improvements for the weather enterprise. This repor... More >>

Report in Brief

When Weather Matters: Science and Service to Meet Critical Societal Needs (2010)

Weather matters for life, health, safety, property, and economic prosperity. Weather forecasts provide information that people and organizations can use to enhance these societal benefits and to reduce weather-related losses. Investing $5.1 billion annually in public weather forecasts and warnings has brought an estimated $31.5 billion dollars in benefits. Yet between 1980 and 2009 there were 96 weather disasters that each cost more than $... More >>

Report in Brief

Observing Weather and Climate from the Ground Up: A Nationwide Network of Networks (2009)

Detailed weather observations on local and regional levels are essential to a range of needs from forecasting tornadoes to making decisions that affect energy security, public health and safety, transportation, agriculture and all of our economic interests. The ability to get detailed observations of weather at the mesoscale -- ranging in size from a city to a state such as Oklahoma requires networks of local weather observing systems calle... More >>

Report in Brief