Agriculture: Consensus Reports

The division produces 60-70 reports per year. These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review. The experts who volunteer their time participating on study committees are vetted to make sure that the committee has the range of expertise needed to address the task, that they have a balance of perspectives, and to identify and eliminate members with conflicts of interest. All reports undergo a rigorous, independent peer review to assure that the statement of task has been addressed, that conclusions are adequately supported, and that all important issues raised by the reviewers are addressed. Thus, while the reports represent views of the committee, they also are endorsed by the Academy.

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Showing results 1 - 5 of 73

Preparing for Future Products of Biotechnology (2017)

As the U.S. biotechnology economy grows rapidly, the scale, scope, and complexity of products is increasing. More types of organisms will likely be engineered, and the kinds of traits introduced with biotechnology will also increase. Future biotechnology products will range from familiar applications, such as modifying agricultural crops, to products that are entirely new –plants that can serve as sentinels of environmental contamination, fo... More >>

Genetically Engineered Crops: Experiences and Prospects (2016)

Since their introduction in the mid-1990s, genetically engineered (GE) crops have been the topic of much debate. This report reviews evidence accumulated from experiences on the most widely grown GE crops to date: herbicide-resistant and insect-resistant varieties of maize, soybean, and cotton. While recognizing the inherent difficulty of detecting subtle or long-term effects on health or the environment, the study committee found n... More >>

Report in Brief

Critical Role of Animal Science Research in Food Security and Sustainability (2015)

By 2050 the world's population is projected to grow by one-third, reaching between 9 and 10 billion. With globalization and expected growth in global affluence, a substantial increase in per capita meat, dairy, and fish consumption is also anticipated. The demand for calories from animal products will nearly double, highlighting the critical importance of the world's animal agriculture system. Meeting the nutritional needs of this population an... More >>

Review of Proposals to the Bureau of Land Management on Wild Horse and Burro Sterilization or Contraception: A Letter Report (2015)

Evidence suggests that wild horse and burro populations are growing by 15 to 20 percent each year, a level that is unsustainable for maintaining healthy horse populations and healthy ecosystems. The most effective fertility control drugs available can reduce population growth rate only if delivered every one to three years to the majority of equids on the range. Both procuring or manufacturing the contraceptives and rounding up the animals fo... More >>

A Framework for Assessing Effects of the Food System (2015)

The U.S. food supply chain is deeply interconnected with human and environmental health, as well as social and economic systems. Decisions about food policies and practices, therefore, can have unintended impacts--both positive and negative. To arrive at a decision whose benefits outweigh its risks, decision makers must carefully consider a range of effects and interactions across the health, environmental, social, and economic domains.Thi... More >>

Report in Brief