Agriculture: Expert Reports

The division produces 60-70 reports per year. These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review. The experts who volunteer their time participating on study committees are vetted to make sure that the committee has the range of expertise needed to address the task, that they have a balance of perspectives, and to identify and eliminate members with conflicts of interest. All reports undergo a rigorous, independent peer review to assure that the statement of task has been addressed, that conclusions are adequately supported, and that all important issues raised by the reviewers are addressed. Thus, while the reports represent views of the committee, they also are endorsed by the Academy.

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Showing results 1 - 5 of 70

Review of Proposals to the Bureau of Land Management on Wild Horse and Burro Sterilization or Contraception: A Letter Report (2015)

Evidence suggests that wild horse and burro populations are growing by 15 to 20 percent each year, a level that is unsustainable for maintaining healthy horse populations and healthy ecosystems. The most effective fertility control drugs available can reduce population growth rate only if delivered every one to three years to the majority of equids on the range. Both procuring or manufacturing the contraceptives and rounding up the animals fo... More >>

A Framework for Assessing Effects of the Food System (2015)

The U.S. food supply chain is deeply interconnected with human and environmental health, as well as social and economic systems. Decisions about food policies and practices, therefore, can have unintended impacts--both positive and negative. To arrive at a decision whose benefits outweigh its risks, decision makers must carefully consider a range of effects and interactions across the health, environmental, social, and economic domains.Thi... More >>

Report in Brief

Spurring Innovation in Food and Agriculture: A Review of the USDA Agriculture and Food Research Initiative Program (2014)

With its mission to fund research to tackle the most important challenges facing agriculture and food production -- from climate change to population growth -- the USDA Agriculture and Food Research Initiative (AFRI) program plays a critical role in the U.S. research and development portfolio. This report examines the quality and value of research funded by the AFRI program, the prospects of the program's success in achieving established goal... More >>

Sustainable Development of Algal Biofuels in the United States (2012)

Biofuels made from algae are gaining attention as a domestic source of renewable fuel. However, with current technologies, scaling up production of algal biofuels to meet even 5 percent of U.S. transportation fuel needs could create unsustainable demands for energy, water, and nutrient resources. Continued research and development could yield innovations to address these challenges, but determining if algal biofuel is a viable fuel alternativ... More >>

Report in Brief

Meeting Critical Laboratory Needs for Animal Agriculture: Examination of Three Options (2012)

Outbreaks of animal disease can have catastrophic repercussions for animal agriculture, the food supply, and public health. Rapid detection, diagnosis and response, as well as development of new vaccines, are central to mitigating the impact of disease outbreaks. The proposed National Bio- and Agro-Defense Facility (NBAF) is a next-generation laboratory for animal disease diagnostics, training, and research that would provide core critica... More >>

Report in Brief