Agricultural Production: Expert Reports

The division produces 60-70 reports per year. These reports are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task and is subject to a rigorous, independent peer review. The experts who volunteer their time participating on study committees are vetted to make sure that the committee has the range of expertise needed to address the task, that they have a balance of perspectives, and to identify and eliminate members with conflicts of interest. All reports undergo a rigorous, independent peer review to assure that the statement of task has been addressed, that conclusions are adequately supported, and that all important issues raised by the reviewers are addressed. Thus, while the reports represent views of the committee, they also are endorsed by the Academy.

Search all reports

To search for an exact phrase, use quotation marks (i.e., “Earth and life”)
Showing results 1 - 5 of 17

Critical Role of Animal Science Research in Food Security and Sustainability (2015)

By 2050 the world's population is projected to grow by one-third, reaching between 9 and 10 billion. With globalization and expected growth in global affluence, a substantial increase in per capita meat, dairy, and fish consumption is also anticipated. The demand for calories from animal products will nearly double, highlighting the critical importance of the world's animal agriculture system. Meeting the nutritional needs of this population an... More >>

Spurring Innovation in Food and Agriculture: A Review of the USDA Agriculture and Food Research Initiative Program (2014)

With its mission to fund research to tackle the most important challenges facing agriculture and food production -- from climate change to population growth -- the USDA Agriculture and Food Research Initiative (AFRI) program plays a critical role in the U.S. research and development portfolio. This report examines the quality and value of research funded by the AFRI program, the prospects of the program's success in achieving established goal... More >>

Workforce Needs in Veterinary Medicine (2012)

The veterinary medical profession faces several challenges in coming years, including maintaining the economic sustainability of veterinary practice and education, building its scholarly foundation, and evolving to meet changing societal needs, this report finds. In recent years, the dominant focus of the profession has shifted from farm animal health to companion animal care, and concerns are growing that this emphasis is directing resource... More >>

Report in Brief

Renewable Fuel Standard: Potential Economic and Environmental Effects of U.S. Biofuel Policy (2011)

Report in Brief >>Biofuels offer an alternative to petroleum-based fuels. Interest in biofuels stems from their potential to improve U.S. energy security because they are produced from renewable domestic sources and from their potential to provide life-cycle greenhouse-gas benefits compared to fossil fuels. The Renewable Fuel Standard, which is a subtitle of the Energy Independence and Security Act enacted by Congress in 2007, mandates that 3... More >>

Report in Brief

An Evaluation of the Food Safety Requirements of the Federal Purchase Ground Beef Program (2010)

To ensure the safety of food distributed through the National School Lunch Program, food banks, and other federal food and nutrition programs, the United States Department of Agriculture has established food safety and quality requirements for the ground beef it purchases. This National Research Council report reviews the scientific basis of the Department’s ground beef safety standards, evaluates how the standards compare to those used by larg... More >>

Report in Brief